In planning your heirloom vegetable garden, you will need to decide where to place the garden. You will need to consider things like how much sunlight the space gets, how close and convenient it is to the house, and the quality of the soil. Here is some sound advice to help in your decision.
Regardless of size, there are five factors to consider in selection a garden site. The first is sunlight. All vegetables need some sunlight. The garden should receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. Eight to 10 hours each day is ideal. Vegetables should therefore be planted away from the shade of buildings, trees, and shrubs. Some leafy vegetables such as broccoli, collards, spinach, and lettuce tolerate shadier conditions than other vegetables, but if your garden does not receive at least 6 hours of sunlight daily, you will not be successful growing vegetables.
The second consideration is nearness to the house. The closer the vegetable garden and the easier it is to reach, the more you will probably use it. You will be likely to harvest vegetables at their peaks and thus take maximum advantages of garden freshness. It is also more likely that you will keep up with jobs such as weeding, watering, insect and disease control, and succession planting if the garden is close by.
The third consideration is soil. You do not need to have the ideal type of soil to grow a good garden. If possible the soil should be fertile and easy to till, with just the right texture — a loose, well-drained loam. Avoid any soil that remains soggy after a rain. Heavy clay and sandy soils can be improved by adding organic matter. Of course, gardening will be easier if you start with a naturally rich soil.
The fourth consideration is water. Including rain and irrigation, the garden needs at least 1 inch of water per week.
Use heirloom seeds so you can save and plant your own seeds from year to year. Down to Earth Seeds provides a choice of heirloom seed kits, all packaged to last 50 years in the freezer. Since heirlooms are disappearing, you can be sure to have your own supply safely stored for excellent germination any time you need them.